How Much Tension To Put On A Garage Door Spring

How Much Tension to Put on a Garage Door Spring

Garage door springs sometimes act like having a mind of its own. That’s why adjusting its tension is a must to resolve it.

But keep in mind that the amount of tension you have to put on a garage door spring depends on the problem. If it closes/opens too easily, then you need to increase its tension. But if it isn’t closing fully, decreasing its tension shall do the trick.

Garage
Image Credits: Unsplash

Garage door spring tension is sort of dangerous to tinker around. That’s why most garage manufacturers these days install safety cables to prevent these springs from becoming a hazardous projectile.

This is important just in case a spring or bracket failure occurs, making the garage door a huge human trap.

The Two Types of Garage Door Springs

Garage door springs come in two types, the side-mounted or torsion spring. Each type works in different ways depending on the structure of your garage door.

1. Side-mounted Springs

Clip end Spring

This type of garage door spring is mounted on both sides. It provides a counterbalancing force whenever you open the garage door. The heavier force you apply to it, the higher expansion the spring gets. There are three variants of side-mounted springs, and these are:

Open Looped

The easiest one to change with only little disassembly required. The only downside is that it isn’t as durable as other spring types. 

Double Looped

These usually have two sets of coils. The first one is located at the pulley. Meanwhile, the other set is usually located at the bolt eye.

Clip End Springs

More durable than both open and doubled looped springs, this one also has insane life longevity. Thanks to its clipped ends, it doesn’t need too much force when using this spring, making it less prone to wear and tear. 

2. Torsion Springs

Torsion Springs

Torsion springs depend much on torque to operate. Simply put, torque moves an object around its axis compared to the traditional push and pull mechanism like the side-mounted springs. Torsion springs are located above the garage door’s frame. It is accompanied by a metal shaft paired with a metal plate that is affixed on one end of the spring.

Standard Torsion Spring

It is the most commonly used torsion spring that is easy to replace/repair hence the ‘standard’ on its name. The standard torsion spring is popular among homeowners because of its affordability too. 

Torque Master Torsion Spring

If you have some extra cash on hand, then you might want to get a torque master torsion spring. This torsion spring-type is safer compared to standard ones. Though keep in mind that it is a little bit costly but the quality you’ll get is worth every dime you spend on it. 

Things to Keep In Mind When Adjusting a Garage Door Spring

Garage
Image Credits: Pexels

Adjusting garage door springs is no easy feat. One wrong move and you will find yourself struggling to make things work together. Here are some tips to help you get started. 

1. Determine the Problem

First off, take a closer look at your garage door and see where the main problem lies. Is it the screws? The door itself? Or the way you approach them?

2. Using the Right Tools Save You From Trouble

Different garage door springs also need different tools. Using the proper tools gives you a hassle-free experience of adjusting your garage door springs. 

3. Lubricate Each Moving Parts

Once done, make sure to lubricate not only the springs but also other moving parts of the garage door too. This will make opening and closing your garage door smooth & fluid and prevents further damage in the long run. 

Adjusting a Garage Door Spring The Right Way

Garage
Image Credits: Pexels

Did you know? You can adjust your garage door spring on your own without hiring a professional. There’s nothing wrong with hiring a professional as long as you have money to spare. Listed below is a step-by-step guide on how to adjust both side-mounted and torsion springs.

Side-mounted Springs

  1. Fully open your garage door so that the tension of the springs will be released. Make sure to open the door until it cannot go further. An indication, if it is fully opened, is when it hits the stop bolt at the top.
  2. To prevent the door from becoming a huge death trap, secure the bottom roller using a C-clamp. You can also use locking pliers as an alternative too.
  3. Remove the hook from the spring. This is usually attached to the track hanger by using an adjustable wrench.
  4. Once done, adjust the tension depending on the problem you are experiencing with the garage door. If it isn’t closing fully, place the spring on the lower hole of the track hanger.
  5. To ensure that the adjustments are effective, fully test it by opening or closing it as many times as you can. Repeat the whole process if you aren’t satisfied with the adjustments you made.

Torsion Springs

  1. It’s a different scenario for torsion springs. Instead of opening the garage door, you need to fully close it first before working on the adjustment.
  2. Secure the door by placing a C-clamp or two sets of pliers above the bottom roller. This prevents your door from suddenly opening up during the process.
  3. Look for the winding cone, which is placed at both ends of the torsion spring. This ensures that the spring is kept in its original location.
  4. Loosen the screws of the winding cone by using a heavy-duty screwdriver. Hold the winding cone while doing this step to prevent it from moving around.
  5. Once done, adjust the tension by inserting steel iron bars on the holes of the winding cone. If the garage door opens/closes too quickly, wind the cone upwards to increase its tension. If the garage door won’t fully shut, then wind the cone downwards to decrease its tension.
  6. Adjust the spring by keeping the bottom steel bar in place while removing the other one. Make sure that it is around 20% of the distance from the cone. Apply an upward force on the bottom steel bar until the spring is stretched at a ¼ distance.
  7. Tighten the screws back into place.
  8. Test the garage door by opening and closing it as many times as you want until you are satisfied with the adjustments.

Jomar Teves